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Long-term outcomes of hypnosis in changing the quality of life in patients with dementia
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Simon C. Duff, PhD, Daniel J. Nightingale, PhD

Abstract: A previous study (Duff & Nightingale, 2005) reported results concerned with influencing the quality of life of elderly, residential and nursing home patients with dementia through hypnosis. It looked at changes across seven variables over a 9 month period in three groups of patients; a 'treatment-as-usual' control group, a weekly, 1 hour discussion group and a group of patients receiving 1 hour of individual hypnosis on a weekly basis. Overall, the hypnosis group showed a statistically significant improvement from baselin on the assessed measures of quality of life. This paper describes the results of a 12 month follow-up of these same groups, on the same measures of quality of life, suggesting that a number of the benefits afforded the hypnosis group have been maintained. We consider some explanations for this finding.

Keywords: Hypnosis, dementia, quality of life, long-term outcomes

Descriptive survey of Therapeutic Alliance in Hypnotherapy
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Ornella Manca Uccheddu and Antonello Viola

Abstract: A descriptive pilot survey of therapeutic alliance in hypnotherapy was carried out on a sample of therapeutic couples resident in the USA, Canada, UK and Italy. According to our conception of hypnosis as a catalyst and agent of therapeutic alliance, we deemed hypnotherapy potentially effective in yielding a noteworthy therapeutic alliance predicting the efficacy of the therapeutic process. Levels of therapeutic alliance were evaluated by means of the California Psychotherapy Alliance Scale at a middle and final stage of therapy. Results showed high average levels of alliance, a strong positive correlation to three specific dimensions of the therapeutic alliance construct and a strong positive correlation between therapeutic alliance perceived by therapists and their patients, data which were predictive or hypnotherapy effectiveness in yielding positive changes on subjects, and encouraging new comparative researches or further experimental studies on this topic.

Keywords: Therapeutic Alliance, pilot survey, catalytic action, constructivist hypnosis

Hypnosis From An Evolutionary Perspective
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Baruch Elitzur

Abstract: Evolutionary psychology hypothesizes how character traits, emotions and behavioural pattens present in modern day humans have evolved to contribute to the survival of our ancestors. As the ability to enter a hypnotic trance is a universal human experience, regardless of gender, race or culture, we hypothesize that it is an inherent property, which played an important role in the survival of the fittest.

There are many definitions of hypnosis. Most of the include one or more of the following four elements: Focal Concentration, Heightened Suggestibility, Low Analytical Judgment and imagination. The present paper suggests a possible explanation of how each of these four basic elements of hypnosis contributed to the survival of our ancestors.

Keywords: Evolutionary Psychology, Hypnosis, Focal Concentration, Suggestion, Judgment, Imagination, Self-Hypnosis

Hypnosis research index 2004-2005
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Andre Marquand

Abstract: none available

Keywords: Hypnosis, hypnotherapy, research index

Abreaction - Catharsis: Stirring Dull Roots with Spring Rain
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Dr Patrick Jemmer

Abstract: This essay first presents the 'classical philosophy of abreaction-catharsis, rooted in its historical context, and based on the premise of 'stored trauma' that needs to be 'purged' to effect a 'cure'. We then go on to discuss modern approaches to this crucial therapeutic 'nexus' and contrast 'stored trauma' approaches and 'content free' methods for generating lasting and effective change. Crucial to a successful outcome is the role of the therapist as a guide who is competent to cope with the (sometimes dramatic) affects expressed as therapy progresses, and who prevents the client becoming 'out of control' or 'stuck' and we describe how, as the client 'works through' these affects, he gains insight and learns to cope, in a process of discovery and learning eminently achievable under the appropriate therapeutic guidance.

Keywords: Catharsis, cleanliness, purgation, ecstasy, exorcism, crisis, trauma, anticathexis, catharsis, experiential therapy, Neuro-linguistic programming