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Efficacy of Hypnotherapy as a supplement
therapy in cancer intervention

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Dr Rumi Peynovska, Dr Jackie Fisher, Dr David Oliver, Prof V.M. Mathew

Abstract: Aim of the Study
To study the benefits of Hypnotherapy, as a supplement therapy in the management of terminally ill patients.
All the patients who took part in the trial were day hospice patients of Ann Delhom Centre, Wisdom Hospice,
Rochester, UK. Patients were offered three hypnotherapy sessions and were assessed before the first session
and after the third one together with a follow up after 3/4 months after the last session.
Particular attention was paid to:
• management of anxiety, depression, anger, frustration
• management of pain, fatigue, insomnia
• management of side-effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy
• visualization to promote health improvement
All hypnotherapy sessions were individually tailored to cover the specific individual needs.
At the end of the study data was analyzed to evaluate the effect of Hypnotherapy on the individual quality of
life, life expectancy, cost savings to the hospital in terms of reduced medication and need for medical care.

Keywords: hypnosis, hypnotherapy, cancer

Preoperative hypnosis.
A controlled study to assess the effects on
anxiety and pain in the postoperative period.

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Maurizio Massarini, Francesco Rovetto, Claudio Tagliaferri and the “Preoperative
Hypnosis” Study Group: Giuseppe Leddi, Umberto Montecorboli, Paola Orifiammi,
Franco Rebecchi, Stefano Lucchini, Luca Larini and Giulia Parvoli

Abstract: Our study was designed to establish whether a single sitting of hypnosis during the preoperative
period would reduce postoperative anxiety levels (both state and trait anxiety) and to reduce the perception
of postoperative pain (both its sensory and affective components). Forty-two patients from the Surgery and
Orthopaedics wards, who were to undergo surgery, were randomly assigned either to an experimental group
(where preoperative hypnotic treatment was carried out during the twenty-four hours preceding the operation)
or to a control group (with no particular preoperative treatment). During the weeks leading up to the
operation, the patients were asked to fill in questionnaires (STAI-X and QD) to assess anxiety levels (state and
trait) and problems of a depressive nature; certain physiological parameters were also measured. During the
days following the operation the questionnaires were repeated to assess postoperative anxiety and depression
values; postoperative physiological indices were measured and pain perception (sensory and affective
components) was assessed using the NRS every day, for four days after the operation. The patients from the
experimental group showed lower levels of anxiety (both state and trait) and lower pain perception in the first
two days after the operation (both in the sensory and affective components) compared to the patients from
the control group. No difference emerged for the other variables examined (depressive problems, physiological
parameters). This controlled study showed that brief hypnotic treatment carried out in the preoperative period
leads to good results with surgery patients in terms of reducing anxiety levels and pain perception.

Keywords: preoperative hypnosis; anxiety; pain; depressive problems; physiological indices; postoperative

Trial design in hypnotherapy:
Does the RCT have a place?

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Lesley M Roberts, PhD

Abstract: Like many complementary or alternative therapies, hypnotherapy has been criticised by some for
not having robust scientific evidence to back its claims. Studies aiming to determine the effectiveness of
hypnotherapy are typically poorly designed or lack the patient numbers to achieve statistical power. Whilst it
is acknowledged that more research is needed across a range of disease areas, few funding bodies are aware
of the complexities of designing research which addresses the needs of both service providers, therapists and
patients. The application of traditional clinical trial methods to hypnotherapy is not easy due to the differences
in the underlying mechanism of therapy, however reliance on less rigorous methodologies does not address
the need for high-grade evidence. This paper discusses some of the methodological issues which require
consideration when undertaking research in hypnotherapy and concludes with a call for more well designed
studies led by multi-disciplinary teams using multiple methods.

Keywords: clinical hypnosis, hypnotherapy, research methods, randomised controlled trial

The effects of regular relaxation on perceived
stress in a group of London primary education

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Massih Nassiri

Abstract: This study examined the effects of regular relaxation on the perceived stress in a group of London in
primary education teachers. Based on Jacobson’s original work (1938) and developed by Wolpe, (1939) through
systematic desensitisation utilising the theory of reciprocal inhibition. The Participants consisted of 40 teachers
divided equally between the study group and the control group. Participants were asked to complete a
Perceived Stress Scale before starting to listen to a ten minute relaxation tape every day for one month, giving
a baseline measure. Each participant in the study group was asked to complete a daily relaxation log to identify
usage, in addition participants completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS.Cohen and Williamson, 1988)
on a weekly basis, for 4 weeks. The control followed the same procedure without the relaxation tape. These
results were collated and scored, the effect of relaxation on perceived stress was analysed with a 2 way mixed
design ANOVA (independent and repeated measures). The results were significant. F=7.447, df = (1, 38), P<,0.5
a significance of .000 The study group’s PSS score at the end of the 4th week was significantly reduced, the
control group’s PSS score remained at consistent levels. The Hypothesis: The use of regular relaxation by the
study group will result in a significantly lower perceived stress scale score. The hypothesis was upheld.

Keywords: relaxation, stress, primary teachers, research project